Department of Computing Sciences
CSC9010 Digital Libraries
Professor: Dr. Lillian N.
Semester: Fall 2007
Course Description: Digital
Libraries and other Web-Based Information Presentation
This special topics course will examine the general question of
providing organized, efficient access to information through a
web-based interface. The emphasis will be on Digital Libraries since
this is a reasonably well-developed area that supports storage and
presentation of a wide range of information types.
During the class, students will install and populate a digital
library using the open source DSpace system. Built at MIT, this
software has been widely accepted as a good start for digital
libraries. The system is installed and running at Villanova, both in
the Computing Sciences department and in the Falvey library. We have
developed documentation in addition to what is available at the DSpace
site. Students are free to choose their own type of content for their
digital library. Examples include copies of work you have done, photos,
songs, or any other kind of digital objects or a mixture of kinds.
There is a growing body of work investigating what makes a well
organized and well implemented digital library and this will form the
basis of this course. We will mix theory and practice to result in
expertise and experience.
Describe Web based information sources (Digital Libraries: Theory)
Contrast a digital library with other types of online resource
collections. Enumerate the characteristics of a digital library that
distinguishes it from a database or a web site.
Digital Library project (Digital Libraries: Practice)
Create something new in digital libraries.
Characterize Digital Libraries using the 5S model (Digital
Streams, Structures, Spaces, Scenarios, Societies -- the 5 S's that
encompass the characteristics of digital libraries. What do they all
mean and how can they be used to build and maintain a working digital
Organize information in a digital library (Digital Libraries:
The role of metadata and other ways to describe digital library content
Recognize and Protect Intellectual Property (Digital Libraries:
Balancing the rights of the author with the desire to share information
requires understanding of intellectual property rights. What can we put
into our digital library? To whom can we make it available?
Digital Library services (Digital Libraries: Theory)
What besides content makes a library? How are these services expressed
in a digital environment?
Install and configure a digital library (Digital Libraries:
You will install and configure a digital library so that it can hold
information and present it to users, along with appropriate digital
Information about the course
Every indication is that the best way
to learn is to be actively
involved in discovery, in creating your own knowledge. As a result,
your active participation is a fundamental requirement of this course.
Each class session will involve some discussion. You will make at least
one presentation in front of the class. If that idea makes you somewhat
uncomfortable, take that as a sign that you need to overcome that
feeling and become confident in your ability to speak to a group and to
present your work and your ideas.
Attendance: I assume that every student
will attend every class unless
I have heard previously that you have a reason for missing class. In
all cases, you are responsible to discover what has been done in the
class you miss. Just keeping up with class by hearing about happenings
from other students is not sufficient, however. Your input into our
discussions is important. Your absence not only hurts you; it deprives
the rest of the class of the valuable contributions you would have
made. A part of the grade is reserved for active participation in every
Some of your work will be submitted in
written form. The
quality of the writing will be considered in grading your work.
Resources are available to help with writing well, and I will be glad
to give you some asistance. I do recognize that for many people in this
class, English is not your first language. I will consider that in
evaluating your work. However, I will expect you to make a
conscientious effort to write clearly and to present your ideas in a
well-organized and understandable form. Villanova has a writing center
where any student can obtain assistance with writing. I will be happy
to lend assistance also. Learning to express yourself clearly will
serve you well in future endeavors.
Grades will be
based on successful and
timely completion of assignments
and projects, and on active participation in class and in online
A graduate student
who does what is expected in
assignments receives a grade of B. Better work receives better grades.
An A is quite possible, but does require exceptional work, not just
Course Web Presence
are advantages and disadvantages to the Blackboard course management
system used at Villanova. I prefer that my materials be open and
accessible, so I will use this public web site. We will use the
Blackboard site from time to time to take advantage of tools that are
there. Be sure to log in to the course site and become familiar
with its use.
The following calendar will be
developed as the class progresses.
We begin with an approximate schedule of topics and readings for the
class up until the Fall break week.
|Digital Libraries: What and Why
|The 5S model of digital libraries
DSpace, Greenstone and other open source packages for installing and
managing a digital collection.
|First Reading due: "As We May Think" by
|Content: The real thing and its description.
Gathering content, classifying it.
Metadata standards (including Dublin Core) and application to digital
structures, spaces, scenarios, societies (5s): A
formal model for digital libraries
from the ACM Digital Library
| Google Books, DL designs
| DUE: Review of DSpace
documentation, your group member list, Your XML schema in
| Access control and encryption
Class Slides - OAI
|Reading: Arms, Digital Libraries
Chapter 7 "Access management and security"
Guide Chapter 4 "Rights Management"
Discuss differences and similarities of these materials
|User Interfaces and Usability
|H.R. Hartson, P. Shivakumar,
M.A. Pérez-Quiñones (2004) Usability
inspection of digital libraries: a case study. In International
Journal on Digital Libraries, v4(2), pp. 108-123.
of completed DSpace installations. Discussions of any problems
and plans for the major project.
Any preferences for remaining classes? We will discuss some
options and select which to pursue.
Complete User Interfaces and Usability discussion -- interfaces for
Slides from last class.
|Visit - Chris Continanza - TA
for the class - who will talk about more details of DSpace than most
people will have discovered by now.
Visit - Mary Malone will talk about the construction of the Irish Music
DL for last Fall's class. This involves some interesting features
that are particular to the collection, but are indicative of the way a
DL is tailored to the content and the audience.
in Digital Libraries. How to
measure; what does it mean; how
important is it
L. Moreira, Edward A. Fox and Layne T. Watson
"What is a good digital library?" -- A quality model for digital
Information Processing & Management Volume 43
Issue 5 September 2007 pages 1416-1437
Copy of the paper from the
|Interim Reports on Project
Progress (10- 15 minutes for each project. Each team member to
Logging in digital libraries
Digital Preservation, Archival Science and Methodological Foundations
for Digital Libraries
Note: From yesterday's Inquirer: A
World Digital Library
Paper handed out and e-mailed -- Seamus Ross's keynote address at
ECDL 2007. Concept maps due and will be used for discussion
|Josepha Lucia, Director of the
Villanova Library to speak on the world of a real and substantial
digital library environment. I think you will be pleased to see
what is happening right here!
|Exploring Digital Libraries:
Integrating Browsing, Searching, and Visualization
|Paper handed out at class on
|Super imposed Inforamation in
the Digital Library context
| Semester Review and
- CIS 661 - Digital Libraries: http://webapp.slis.ua.edu/smmweb/DLib/Metadata/OrganizingInternetResources_files/v3_document.htm
- Copyright Management Center, IUPUI Indianapolis.
for Fair Use http://www.copyright.iupui.edu/checklist.htm
- Cryptograms. http://www.cryptograms.org/
- Cryptograms - Letter Frequencies. http://www.cryptograms.org/letter-frequencies.php
- Data Encryption Standard.
- Getting Permission. http://www.utsystem.edu/OGC/IntellectualProperty/PERMISSN.HTM
- Giving SOAP a REST http://www.devx.com/DevX/Article/8155
- GonÃ§alves, M. A., Moreira, B. L., Fox, E. A.,
Watson, L. T.
â€œQuality Model for Digital Librariesâ€�
- GonÃ§alves, M. A., Luo, M., Ali, M. F., and Fox,
A. â€œAn XML Log
Standard and Tool for Digital Library Logging Analysis� In
Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, 6th European Conference,
ECDL 2002, Rome, Italy, September 16-18, 2002, Proceedings
- Klas, C., et al "A Logging Scheme for Comparative Digital
Evaluation� Research and Advanced Technology for Digital
10th European Conference, ECDL 2006, Alicante,Spain, September 18-20,
- Library of Congress. American Memory Project http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html
- Library of Congress. American Memory Project. Map
- OAI For Beginners - The Open Archives Forum online
- Sale, Tony. Technical Specification of the Enigma. http://www.codesandciphers.org.uk/enigma/rotorspec.htm
- Sale, Tony. Virtual Bletchley Park. The Breaking of
by the Polish Mathematicians http://www.codesandciphers.org.uk/virtualbp/poles/poles.htm
- SOAP Version 1.2 Part 0: Primer http://www.w3.org/TR/2003/REC-soap12-part0-20030624/#L1153
- US Copyright Office. Copyright. http://www.loc.gov/copyright
- Z39.50 An Overview of Development and the Future (1995) http://www.cqs.washington.edu/~camel/z/z.html
- Z39.50 Resource Page: http://www.niso.org/standards/resources/Z3950_Resources.html